今年4月，英国工业联合会(Confederation of British Industry, CBI)在一场被广泛宣传的电话会议上要求政府澄清其“对使核燃料等低碳排放源发挥重要作用的长期碳排放政策的立场”。英国工业联合会也非常明确地指出，核能是唯一被证实的低碳技术，能够提供稳定的大规模电力供应。稳定的运营成本、从政治稳定的国家获得核燃料以及储存铀的能力等优势，是推动更多核电站开发和投产的实际原因。此外，核能的运行成本是稳定的，因为燃料成本只占总运行成本的5%到10%。到目前为止，建造核电站的成本远远高于传统的石油、天然气和燃煤电厂。然而，运营成本不仅较低，而且预计将保持稳定，不受反复出现的政治动荡的影响。然而，有两个因素将改变这些情况。化石燃料(尤其是石油)的成本正在急剧上升，有可能使所有成本预测都偏离正轨。天然气资源的预期耗竭以及由此产生的从外部购买越来越多天然气的冲动也将带来其自身的后果，成本的增加无疑是其中之一。虽然核电站制造商正在努力降低资本成本，但“天然气价格的大幅上涨可能会使新建核电站在经济上具有竞争力，即使它们的资本成本没有进一步降低。
The Confederation of British Industry (CBI) has, in a widely publicised call in April this year, asked the Government to clarify its’ stand on longer term carbon emission policy to enable low carbon emission sources like nuclear fuel to play an important role. The CBI has also stated very categorically that nuclear power is the only proven low-carbon technology able to deliver consistent supplies of electricity on a large scale. The advantages of stable operating costs, the availability of nuclear fuel from politically stable countries and the ability to store uranium are practical reasons to work towards the development and commissioning of more nuclear plants. In addition, the operating costs of nuclear power are stable because the cost of fuel varies between only 5 and 10% of total operating costs.The cost of building nuclear power plants, as of now, is far more than that of conventional oil, gas and coal fired plants. Operating costs are however not just lower but also expected to be stable and independent of recurring political upheavals. Two factors are however set to change these circumstances. The cost of fossil fuel, especially oil is on a sharp upward path, threatening to throw all cost projections out of gear. The expected depletion in gas resource and consequent compulsion to buy increasing quantities from outside is also going to come with its own consequences, increased costs definitely one of them. While manufacturers of nuclear power plants are working on reduction of capital cost, a “significant increase in the price of natural gas could make new nuclear plants economically competitive even without further reductions in their capital costs.