By Bowen's own admission, his previous book on college athletics, The Game of Life, provided insights but left readers with questions about how to address the problems raised in the book. Bowen and Levin, in Reclaiming the Game, explicitly set out to produce recommendations based on their findings. They identify nine recommendations for reform and five recommendations for implementation. Most notably, they suggest that widespread reform in the recruitment of athletes is necessary. This effort might include limiting the number of recruited athletes or establishing stronger admissions standards as well as improvement in the monitoring of the academic performance of recruited athletes once they are enrolled. Other notable suggestions included reducing the time commitment required of athletes, that athletic scholarships should not be given, and that some schools should consider eliminating football. Regarding the implementation of the recommendations, the authors, first and foremost, acknowledge that change must come about holistically and that a gradual or fragmented approach will not suffice. Additionally, the effort must be collaborative, involving the many parties that have a stake in college athletics. "'Going it alone' will almost surely lead to nothing but losing records and demoralization" (Bowen, p. 330). Bowen and Levin suggest that leadership in this movement should come from college and university presidents.