由于风险资本家对潜在投资的严格要求，许多创业者从天使投资者那里寻求初始资金，他们可能更愿意投资于高投机性的机会，或可能与创业者有优先关系。 此外，许多风险投资公司只会认真评估一个初创企业的投资，否则他们不知道，如果该公司可以证明其技术和/或市场潜力，其产品或服务的一些索赔。要做到这一点，甚至只是为了避免在证明这样的索赔接收资金的摊薄效应，许多初创公司寻求自我融资直到他们达到一个地步，他们可以令人信服地逼近外部资本提供者如风险资本家和天使投资人。这种做法被称为“引导”。 在行业的资产可以证券化有效因为他们可靠地产生未来收入流或以赎转售的良好潜力，企业可能更便宜能够提高债务融资增长。好的例子包括资产密集型采掘业，如采矿业或制造业。 境外资金通过专业的信托公司风险资本寻求利用证券化结构的混合多市场的交易通过SPV（特殊目的载体）：提供一个企业实体，是专为企业融资的目的。 除了传统的风险投资和天使网络，集团已经出现，这让小投资者或企业家群体竞争中的一个私有化的商业计划竞赛在集团本身作为投资者通过民主进程。 风险投资（VC）的公司如英特尔、思科、Reliance ADAG武器，谷歌和雅虎正在增加他们的投资在早期阶段的科技和消费服务的初创企业在印度。
Because of the strict requirements venture capitalists have for potential investments, many entrepreneurs seek initial funding from angel investors, who may be more willing to invest in highly speculative opportunities, or may have a prior relationship with the entrepreneur.
Furthermore, many venture capital firms will only seriously evaluate an investment in a start-up otherwise unknown to them if the company can prove at least some of its claims about the technology and/or market potential for its product or services. To achieve this, or even just to avoid the dilutive effects of receiving funding before such claims are proven, many start-ups seek to self-finance until they reach a point where they can credibly approach outside capital providers such as venture capitalists or angel investors. This practice is called "bootstrapping".
In industries where assets can be securitized effectively because they reliably generate future revenue streams or have a good potential for resale in case of foreclosure, businesses may more cheaply be able to raise debt to finance their growth. Good examples would include asset-intensive extractive industries such as mining, or manufacturing industries.
Offshore funding is provided via specialist venture capital trusts which seek to utilise securitization in structuring hybrid multi market transactions via an SPV (special purpose vehicle): a corporate entity that is designed solely for the purpose of the financing.
In addition to traditional venture capital and angel networks, groups have emerged which allow groups of small investors or entrepreneurs themselves to compete in a privatized business plan competition where the group itself serves as the investor through a democratic process.
Venture capital (VC) arms of companies such as Intel, Cisco, Reliance ADAG, Google and Yahoo are increasing their investments in early stage technology and consumer service start-ups in India.