The urbanization brings great benefits to national economy, improves human’s living standard, and it also leads to many environmental problems. It can be said that increased urbanization occurs at cost of environment. It is true of China. Through analysis, the conclusion can be made that the increased urbanization results in environmental problems in China, including environmental pollution and resource shortage. However it is also the urbanization which contributes to the high reasonable configuration and utilization rate of resources and better performance of pollution abatement.