基础研究通常是在学术界进行的，比如大学和学院。研究人员通常是对行业了解有限的学者，通常缺乏实践经验。这类知识分子通常有教书、当教授的愿望，或者已经是希望在校园里获得终身职位的兼职教授。哲学博士(Ph.D.)是最常被选择成为专业学者的工具(Fenge, 2009)。完成理论研究所需的时间是没有界限的。信息和知识是不断进行的，并为广泛和广泛的受众提供实用工具。相比之下，应用研究通常是在私营部门或专业商界进行的。研究人员通常是全职工作者，与被研究的行业相关，他们通常在自己的领域内具有丰富的实践经验。使用应用研究的好处的第一手例子可以总结为:“……作为一个全职的专业人士，这可以更容易地适应我的工作生活。”我也相信它会对我更有意义，因为它可以融入我的日常实践。”(Fenge, 2009)。这群人常常被迫去解决一个排他性的管理或组织问题。这种应用程序常常由于财务或管理的需要而受到时间限制。这种类型的研究问题往往是分散到一个特定的问题或包含在一个狭窄的行业部门使用一个更小的和故意的重点。
Fundamental research is typically done in the academic world such as universities and colleges. Researchers are typically scholars with limited exposure to the industry who often lack practical experience. This category of intellectuals usually has aspirations of teaching, becoming professors, or are already adjunct professors hoping to establish tenure on campus. A Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) is the tool most often selected to become a professional academic (Fenge, 2009). It is presumed there are no boundaries on the time needed to complete theoretical research. The information and knowledge are continuously on-going and provide utility for a wide and sweeping array of audiences.In contrast, applied research is typically done in the private sector or professional business world. Researchers are typically full-time workers tied to the same industry being researched and they typically have a depth of practical experience within their field. A first-hand example of the benefits for using applied research is summed up in the statement, “…as a full time professional, this could more easily be accommodated alongside my working life. I also believed that it would be more meaningful to me as something that could be integrated into my everyday practice.” (Fenge, 2009). This group of individuals is often compelled to solve an exclusive managerial or organizational problem. This application often has time constraints driven out of financial or managerial necessity. Research problems for this type tend to be discrete to a specific problem or contained within a narrow industry sector using a much smaller and deliberate focus.
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