维果茨基看来，社会交往是唯一的学习方式。维果茨基认为，所有的学习都是一个社会过程，从与他人互动的社会活动开始，人们将这些过程内化，并能独立使用。但研究人员指出，众所周知，文化是至关重要的，在解释学习时需要加以思考，这不仅是受约束的社会环境(Schunk, 2008)。研究表明，儿童学习某些不依赖于社会环境的概念(Geary，引用Schunk, 2008)。然而，我同意维果茨基关于从社会背景到个人背景的解释。在我看来，维果茨基的理论是基于这样一种观点:学习始于与他人或环境的社会互动，然后是知识的个体建构。维果茨基理论的含义被研究人员认为是不清楚的(Wertsch，引用于Driscoll, 2005)。如何解释具有相似病史的儿童的ZDP之间的差异，以及如何解释学科与儿童发展之间的变化关系，这一问题被认为是没有答案的。我认为文化和社会环境对学习的影响很重要。文化和社会环境影响孩子的学习。我们还构建了文化的意义和共同的知识。所以我们受到文化和历史的影响。我们的倾向可以来自这个社会环境。但仅仅从社会文化理论的角度来理解学习，以及教学应该如何进行，还不够清晰.
Vygotksky seems social interaction as only way of learning. According to Vygotsky all learning is a social process begins as social activities by interacting with other people and people internalize these processes and can use them independently. But researcher states that as it is known that cultures are critical and needed to be thought while explaining learning it is not only constrained social environment (Schunk, 2008). And it is showed that children learn certain concepts which do not depend on social environment (Geary, as cited in Schunk, 2008). However I agree with Vygotsky in terms of explaning learning from social context to individual context. In my opinion, Vygotsky's theory is based on the idea that learning begins with social interaction with other people or environment and then knowledge is constructed individually.Implications of Vygotsky's theory are considered by researchers as not clear (Wertsch, as cited in Driscoll, 2005). It is thought that there is no answer to the questions how it is explained the differences between the ZDP of children who have similar history and how it is account for the changing relation between subject and child development. I think the effect of the culture and social environment on learning is important. The culture and social environment affect how children can learn. And also we construct meanings and common shared knowledge of a culture. So we affect and are affected from our culture and history. And our leanings can come from this social environment. But it has still not clear enough to understand learning with only sociocultural theory, and how the teaching should be